A preposition relates the noun/pronoun that appears with it to another word in the sentence—expresses a relationship between words/ideas and acts as a connector.
Relationship that a preposition shows may involve LOCATION, DIRECTION, TIME, CAUSE, POSSESSION
Ex. I went (around the world) this summer.
It seems like some classes last (for hours).
They were grounded (because of their bad behavior).
*Prepositional phrase is a group of words that includes a preposition and a noun/pronoun. Prepositional phrases are in ( ) in the above examples.
***The noun/pronoun with the preposition is called the object of the preposition.
Ex. During his childhood (obj of prep), Joe lived in Oklahoma (obj of prep).
aboard before in front of over
about behind in place of owing to
above below inside past
according to beneath in regard to prior to
across from beside in spite of regarding
across besides instead of round
after between into since
againstl beyond in view of through
ahead of but like throughout
along by near till
alongside by means of nearby to
along with concerning next to together with
amid considering off toward
among despite of under
apart from down on underneath
around during on account of until
aside from except onto unto
as of for on top of up
at from opposite upon
atop in out with
barring in addition to out of without
because of in back of outside within
A word can’t be a preposition unless it’s in a prepositional phrase!!!!!!!!
If the word you think is a preposition ends a sentence (no prep phrase), it’s probably an adverb!!!!!!
Ex. The house is down the street. (down is preposition…street is object of prep)
Derek fought to keep the animal down. (no prep. phrase, so down is adverb
Click on the link below for practice!