An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun.
Answers one of four questions:
1. what kind? Ex. blue uniform
2. which one? rose garden
3. how many? ten dollars
4. how much? moderate humidity
*An adjective that modifies a noun USUALLY comes before the noun, but it can sometimes come after the noun.
- The brilliant teacher spoke.
The teacher is brilliant.
*An adjective that modifies a pronoun USUALLY follows the pronoun, but it can sometimes come before the pronoun.
Ex. They were devastated by the hurricane damage.
Devastated by the hurricane damage, they left town.
There can be more than one adjective in a sentence!
Ex. The pretty, colorful, fragrant flowers
***Three common adjectives are called ARTICLES:
the (definite article) a, an (indefinite articles)
A noun can be used as an adjective.
Ex. flower garden
Proper nouns can be used as adjectives and are called PROPER ADJECTIVES
- Proper Noun Proper Adjective
Friday Friday night
Italy Italian food
Some pronouns can function as adjectives. There are 7 personal pronouns known as POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES or POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
my, your, his, her, its, our, their The bride threw her bouquet.
this, that, these, those These flowers are beautiful.
which, what, whose Which flowers to you want?
another, each, either, little,
much, neither, one (Singular) Neither flower has wilted.
both, few, many, several (Plural) Many flowers have wilted.
all, any, more, most, other,
some (Singular or Plural) We love all flowers.
Verb forms can be used as adjectives. They usually end in –ed or –ing and are called participles.
Ex. I pruned the wilting flowers.
NOUNS, PRONOUNS and VERB forms function as adjectives ONLY when the modify other nouns or pronouns.
Regular Function As Adjective
NOUN The lawn is green I started the lawn mower
PRONOUN This is a great idea This idea is great
VERB I colored a picture The colored picture is soothing
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